Reading fluency is the ability to read quickly, accurately and with the right expression. Fluent readers understand what they read. Here are some strategies that can help your child become a better reader.
1. Model fluent reading
Read to your child to show what fluent reading sounds like. Choose stories and books that will interest her. Read naturally, with the right emotion or tone to match the words you’re reading. If you’re busy, you can also have your child listen to audiobooks as he/she follows along with the matching book.
2. Try guided practice
Choose a short piece from a story or a poem, and read it aloud while your child listens and follows along. Then read just the first line of the piece and have your child read it back to you. Read the second line of the piece and have your child read it back to you. Continue until you have completed the piece. Repeat several times.
3. Read together
Choose a book or passage that is not too long and read it while your child listens and follows along. Then read the same book or passage several times together.
4. Try repeated readings
Choose a short book or passage of a book that is just a little above your child’s reading level. Have your child read it through. If your child doesn’t read a word correctly, or hesitates for longer than five seconds, read the word out loud and have your child repeat it. He/she should then continue reading. After you complete the entire reading, have he/she read it again three or four times over.
5. Perform some readings
Passages that are meant to be read at a performance, like poetry, scripts, speeches and jokes are all great ways to develop reading out loud. After he/she practices all week, your child can “perform” for the family.
6. Time and graph some reading practice
Choose a short piece at your child’s reading level and make a copy for yourself. Have your child read it out loud for one minute. Together, count up the number of correct words she read in that minute. Have your child record the result with a bar graph. Your child should read the same passage three or four more times. Continue to graph each result. Soon he/she will see that their speed and accuracy is improving.
7. Praise meaningfully
Use praise to develop your child’s self-awareness. Use comments like “I love how you made your voice strong and loud so I knew what you said was important” or “You got all the words right. Good job! But it was hard for me to follow some of what you were saying because you read so fast.”